18 Oct , 2019

The planned process of relocating people and communities from one area to another as part of the project-induced land acquisition necessary to allow a project to proceed. Resettlement is regarded as involuntary when the location of the project is fixed and local communities have, in effect, no choice but to be relocated; whereas resettlement is regarded as voluntary when no state power of eminent domain is used, threatened, or perceived to be threatened, and the individuals affected have a real choice about whether they will agree to be resettled or not. [Source: IAIA, 2015]